Title: Explaining the relation between job insecurity and employee outcomes during organizational change: A multiple group comparison
Author team: Désirée Schumacher, Bert Schreurs, IJ. Hetty van Emmerik, Hans De Witte
Abstract: We develop and test a mediation model linking job insecurity to affective commitment and psychosomatic complaints via two distinct theoretical mechanisms: fairness and energy depletion. Analyses were based on 6,268 Belgian bank employees facing organizational change. Results from structural equation modeling showed that fairness and exhaustion partially mediated the association of job insecurity with affective commitment and psychosomatic complaints, respectively. Multiple group analysis showed that the relation between job insecurity and fairness gradually decreased across the three change stages, and that the exhaustion process was most prominent amid the change. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.